MD Complete Skin Concerns

Dark Spots & Hyperpigmentation

What is it?

Dark spots, age spots, and sun spots are all common descriptions for a skin condition called Hyperpigmentation (think of this as hyperactive production of the pigments that make dark spots). The spots are the excess build up of melanin. Melanin is the pigment in skin that gives your skin a brownish color.

Dark spots and hyperpigmentation are not only one of the most common and frustrating conditions, but they are also stubborn to treat.

How did I get it?

Dark spots are one of the most common signs of photoaging (aging resulting from too much exposure to the sun – due to radiation from the sun). However, there are many other causes which are often aggravated by sun. Causes include:

  • Sun Exposure
  • Breakouts & Acne
  • Hormonal Changes
  • Inflammation & Irritation
  • Medications

How do I get rid of it?

There are many ways to get rid of or reduce the appearance of dark spots. But, the best and first step is using a good broad-spectrum sunscreen. This will reduce the likelihood of getting them in the first place or minimize their appearance. It’s also our best practice in skincare!

The production of melanin is a complex process – from the variety of triggers that initiate the process to the various steps required to actually make the dark pigment. Professional skincare ingredients target a variety of different mechanisms involved to prevent or reduce the appearance of dark spots.

“Dark spots, called hyperpigmentation, can take years to form and won't disappear over night. Give your skincare time to work. Consistent use of dermatologist-level skincare treatments combined with daily sunscreen application is key.” – Dr. Zelickson